customs: A duty or tax on imported goods. short ton: A short ton equals 2,000. Originally, chandlers (candle makers) provided illumination to ships. Likewise, the person who represents the ship in port is still often called a steamship agent. Board of Commissioners: The members of the governing board of a port authority are called commissioners. deadhead: When a truck returning from a delivery has no return freight on the back haul, it is said to be in deadhead. Point where pickups and deposits of containers in storage area or yard are assigned. Sometimes referred to as "embarkation port" and "turn around port.". In the zone, goods may be: stored; tested; sampled; repackaged or relabeled; cleaned; combined with other products; repaired or assembled, etc. See labor unions and longshoremen. Lift On-Lift Off (LO/LO): Cargo handling technique involving transfer of commodities to and from the ship using shoreside cranes or ship's gear. An agent arranges for pilots; tug services; stevedores; inspections, etc., as well as, seeing that a ship is supplied with food, water, mail, medical services, etc. Cargoes from different sources are usually consolidated to save costs. It cuts power and lets the tug nudge it in. A small towboat (called a push boat) may push one or two barges around the harbor. stevedores: Labor management companies that provide equipment and hire workers to transfer cargo between ships and docks. Used to handle containers in the storage yard to and from storage stacks, trucks and railcars. Úteis In the maritime industry, cargo is often carried by tractor-trailers. Smuggled goods. breakbulk cargo: Non-containerized general cargo stored in boxes, bales, pallets or other units to be loaded onto or discharged from ships or other forms of transportation. landlord port: At a landlord port, the port authority builds the wharves, which it then rents or leases to a terminal operator (usually a stevedoring company). tugboat: Strong v-hull shaped boat used for maneuvering ships into and out of port and to carry supplies. Performs duties related to documentation, cargo clearance, coordination of inland and ocean transportation, dockside inspection of cargo, etc. LCL: The acronym for "less than container load." labor union: An organization of workers formed to serve members’ collective interests with regard to wages and working conditions. marshaling yard: This is a container parking lot, or any open area where containers are stored in a precise order according to the ship loading plan. Commerce or navigation by sea. Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) - Known in some countries as a free zone, a foreign trade zone (FTZ) is a site within the USA (in or near a U.S. Customs port of entry) where foreign and domestic goods are held until they ready to be released into international commerce. Glossary courtesy of: The Port of New Orleans www.pola.com, Georgia Ports Authority www.gaports.com, and the Port of Halifax www.portofhalifax.com. Aircargo Guangzhou. Just as cargo is transported by barge from the shallower parts of the Mississippi River to the Port of New Orleans for export aboard ocean-going ships, LASH barges are lifted into these unusual ships. The Corps is vital to keeping navigation channels open by dredging sand, silt and gravel that accumulate on river and harbor bottoms. Then several towboats will assemble the barges into tows bound for various ports and inland waterways, without the ship having to spend time traveling to each port. container crane: Usually, a rail-mounted gantry crane located on a wharf for the purpose of loading and unloading containers on vessels. Glossary of Maritime Terms. A chandler sells these supplies to the ship’s agent. barge: A large, flat-bottomed boat used to carry cargo from a port to shallow-draft waterways. harbor: A port of haven where ships may anchor. reefer: A container with refrigeration for transporting frozen foods (meat, ice cream, fruit, etc. port-of-call: Port at which cruise ship makes a stop along its itinerary. ), refrigeration or reefer units: The protective cooling of perishable freight by ice, liquid nitrogen, or mechanical devices. general cargo: Consists of both containerized and breakbulk goods, in contrast to bulk cargo. Overseas, the ship can discharge clusters of barges in the open waters. Cargo is loaded into the metal box (container), which is loaded onto the wheel base called a chassis or a trailer. We would like to show you a description here but the site wonât allow us. transshipment: The unloading of cargo at a port or point where it is then reloaded, sometimes into another mode of transportation, for transfer to a final destination. The charge is based on the length of a vessel. container terminal: A specialized facility where ocean container vessels dock to discharge and load containers, equipped with cranes with a safe lifting capacity of 35-40 tons, with booms having an outreach of up to 120 feet in order to reach the outside cells of vessels. Tank barges: Used for transporting bulk liquids, such as petroleum, chemicals, molasses, vegetable oils and liquefied gases. The maritime unions within ports can include locals of the larger union, such as the General Longshore Workers; Clerks and Checkers; Sack-sewers, Sweepers, Water boys and Coopers; Dock Loaders and Unloaders of Freight Cars and Barges; Dray Clerks, Weighers and Samplers; plus the Seafarer’s International Union; the National Maritime Union; the Marine Engineers’ Beneficial Association and the Teamsters. mean low water (MLW): Lowest average level water reaches on an outgoing tide. tractor-trailer: Some trucks are a solid unit, such as a van, but many have three main units. (See: common carrier; heavy hauler; drayage). steamship: Today, ships that transport cargo overseas are powered by diesel fuel instead of steam. It is located about two miles (3 km) due east of the U.S. Capitol building, near the west bank of the Anacostia River and next to the D.C. Armory.Opened 60 years ago in 1961, it was owned by the federal government until 1986. sheddage: Regardless of the length of stay, a vessel is charged a one-time fee for use of shed space and/or marginal (waterside) rail track space. railyard: A rail terminal at which occur traditional railroad activities for sorting and redistribution of railcars and cargo. cartage: Originally the process of transporting by cart. (One parks a car, but docks a ship.) anchorage: Port charge relating to a vessel moored at approved anchorage site in a harbor. cabotage: Shipment of cargo between a nation’s ports is also called coastwise trade. In 1999, for example, the U. S. Customs Department collected over $22 billion in fees nationally, which went into the U.S. Treasury. The spreader bar on a container crane is telescopic to allow lifting various length containers. elevator: A complex including storage facilities, computerized loading; inspection rooms and docks to load and unload dry bulk cargo such as grain or green coffee. bulk cargo: Loose cargo (dry or liquid) that is loaded (shoveled, scooped, forked, mechanically conveyed or pumped) in volume directly into a ship’s hold; e.g., grain, coal and oil. (See landlord port.). dock: (verb) - To bring in a vessel to tie up at a wharf berth. feeder service: Ocean transport system involving use of centralized ports to assemble and disseminate cargo to and from ports within a geographic area. bollard: A line-securing device on a wharf around which mooring and berthing lines are fastened. For example, boxes of hot sauce from Louisiana are stuffed into metal boxes called containers at the factory. Examples include iron, steel, machinery, linerboard and woodpulp. containerization: The technique of using a container to store, protect and handle cargo while it is in transit. Take a look at our list of 101 Best Gifts for Uncles and treat him right. corediamtool.com. This inventory control method depends on extremely reliable transportation. steamship line: A steamship (ocean carrier) service running on a particular international route. The U.S. and some other countries require such trade to be carried on domestic ships only. Over time they expanded the variety of products they could provide to ships. Warehouses operated by private firms house goods for longer periods. common carrier: Trucking, railroad or barge lines that are licensed to transport goods or people nationwide are called common carriers. stripping: The process of removing cargo from a container. "Captain" is a courtesy title often given to a master. Most terminals have direct rail access and container storage areas, and are served by highway carriers. A wharf may have two or three berths, depending on the length of incoming ships. (Contrast with a transit port.). 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Lifting capacity and cargo measurements are designated in short tons. The operator invests in cargo-handling equipment (forklifts, cranes, etc), hires longshore laborers to operate such lift machinery and negotiates contracts with ocean carriers (steamship services) to handle the unloading and loading of ship cargoes. The buyer of this shipment is called the consignee; the seller of the goods is called the consignor. Electronic commerce has been under intensive development in the transportation industry to achieve a competitive advantage in international markets. consignment: A shipment of goods. operating port: At an operational port like Charleston, South Carolina, the port authority builds the wharves, owns the cranes and cargo-handling equipment and hires the labor to move cargo in the sheds and yards. Corps of Engineers: This department of the U. S. Army is responsible for flood protection and providing safe navigation channels. Uv Mobile Cover Printing Machine Price. Common dimensions are 20' x 8’ x 8' (called a TEU or twenty-foot equivalent unit) or 40' x 8' x 8', called an FEU. An employees who drives a tractor for the purpose of moving cargo within a container yard. Grain elevator: Facility at which bulk grain is unloaded, weighed, cleaned, blended and exported. Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit (TEU): A unit of measurement equal to the space occupied by a standard twenty foot container. Ð Ð´Ð¾ÑÐ¾Ð¶Ð½ÑÐ¾-ÑÑÐ°Ð½ÑÐ¿Ð¾ÑÑÐ½ÑÐ¹ Ð¿ÑÐ¸Ð³Ð¾Ð´Ñ, ÑÐ¾ ÑÑÐ°Ð»Ð°ÑÑ ÑÑÐ¾Ð³Ð¾Ð´Ð½Ñ Ð½Ð° ÑÑÐ°ÑÑ âÐÐ°Ð¼âÑÐ½ÐµÑÑ-ÐÐ¾Ð´ÑÐ»ÑÑÑÐºÐ¸Ð¹ â ÐÑÐ»Ð¾Ð³ÑÑâÑâ Ð¿Ð¾ÑÑÑÐ°Ð¶Ð´Ð°Ð»Ð¸ Ð¿âÑÑÐµÑÐ¾ Ð¾ÑÑÐ±, Ð² ÑÐ¾Ð¼Ñ ÑÐ¸ÑÐ»Ñ, Ð´Ð²Ð¾Ñ Ð´ÑÑÐµÐ¹. Local pilots board the ship to advise the captain and navigator of local navigation conditions (difficult currents; hidden wrecks, etc.). This shipping method has both greatly expedited the speed at which cargo is moved from origin to destination and lowered shipping costs. The Captain America Replica Shield is a 1:1 full-scale premium duplication of Steve Rodgersâ trademark accessory. clerks: When cargo is unloaded from a ship, a clerk checks the actual count of the goods (number of boxes, drums, bundles, pipes, etc.) Governs construction specifications for ISO containers. The maritime industry includes people working for transportation (ship, rail, truck and towboat/barge) companies, freight forwarders and customs brokers; stevedoring companies; labor unions; chandlers; warehouses; ship building and repair firms; importers/exporters; pilot associations, etc. U. S. Army Corps of Engineers: See Corps of Engineers. heavy hauler: A truck equipped to transport unusually heavy cargoes (steel slabs, bulldozers, transformers, boats, heavy machinery, etc.). Stevedore companies may also serve as terminal operators. consolidator: The person or firm that consolidates (combines) cargo from a number of shippers into a container that will deliver the goods to several buyers. dunnage: Wood or other material used in stowing ship cargo to prevent its movement. Examples: NSCSA (National Shipping Company of Saudi Arabia), American President Lines (APL), Maersk Sealand, Evergreen, etc. This is used to make claims if needed. Consolidated Freight Station or Container Freight Station (CFS)- Location on terminal grounds where stuffing and stripping of containers is conducted. Generally barges are pushed by towboats, not tugs. Barges have no locomotion and are pushed by towboats. They are there to absorb the shock of a ship as it docks at the wharf and to protect the structural pilings that actually support the wharf. deck barge: Transports heavy or oversize cargoes mounted to its top deck instead of inside a hold. (noun) - A dock is a structure built along, or at an angle from, a navigable waterway so that vessels may lie alongside to receive or discharge cargo. LASH stands for Lighter Aboard Ship. Some laborers don’t belong to a union. tramp: A ship operating with no fixed route or published schedule. ISO: International Organization for Standardization. We would like to show you a description here but the site wonât allow us. capacity: The available space for, or ability to handle, freight. See: breakbulk, container, bulk, dry bulk). motor ship (MS) or motor vessel (MV): A ship propelled by internal-combustion engines. mooring dolphin: A cluster of pilings to which a boat or barge ties up. gjmach-chn.com. transit shed: The shed on a wharf is designed to protect cargoes from weather damage and is used only for short-term storage. I.L.A. (See also: bulk and container.) It can straddle a single row of containers and is primarily used to move containers around the terminal, but also to transport containers to and from the transtainer and load/unload containers from truck chassis. vessel operator: A firm that charters vessels for its service requirements, which are handled by their own offices or appointed agents at ports of call. Container on Flat Car (COFC)- A container placed directly on a railroad flatcar without chassis. port: This term is used both for the harbor area where ships are docked and for the agency (port authority), which administers use of public wharves and port properties. One 40 ft. Container is equal to two TEU's. dry bulk: Minerals or grains stored in loose piles moving without mark or count. Editor layout. mean high water (MHW): Highest average level water reaches on an outgoing tide. These fees are a major bonus to the economy. (See also: home port). Piggyback: A rail transport mode where a loaded truck trailer is shipped on a rail flatcar. terminal operator: The company that operates cargo handling activities on a wharf . Console in the editor (beta) Clear console on run General. Used in stating the capacity of container vessel or storage area. bonded warehouse: A building designated by U.S. Customs authorities for storage of goods without payment of duties to Customs until goods are removed. The wharf typically has front and rear loading docks (aprons), a transit shed, open (unshedded) storage areas, truck bays, and rail tracks. pallet: A short wooden, metal or plastic platform on which package cargo is placed, then handled by a forklift truck. Hostler (or hustler): A tractor, usually unlicensed, for moving containers within a yard. An agent handles all details for getting the ship into port; having it unloaded and loaded; inspected and out to sea quickly. 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